GENERAL ROSE CULTURE INFORMATION

The following table is compiled from the 1997 annual reports submitted by the Consulting Rosarians (CRs) of the ARS Carolina District. The CRs were asked to provide the following general cultural information in regards to rose growing: Bare Roots vs. Potted Plants, Fertilization Program, Common Problems Encountered, Mulching, Sprayers, Spring vs. Fall Planting, and Watering/Watering Systems. Their responses are based on experiences in their own gardens. Under each category, CRs are listed geographically by state and city to better help you in determining what works best in your specific geographic area.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root whenever possible.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root whenever possible.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Both.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Plant bare roots in pots/establish/plant pot and all/transplant in winter.

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root is best

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

I prefer bare root plants

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Both okay, depending on source and quality of rose.

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either is fine if you have quality specimens.

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Prefer bare root

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root or potted depends on how I can get it.

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Depends on rose

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root. Have good luck with potted box and all by J&P.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted plants can be selected - ordered bare root plants are, including shipping cost, more expensive.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root if available

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root if available.

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Buy bare root, pot and keep in garage. Plant in garden in May/June.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Own root pots.

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Prefer potted.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either - have had good luck with both.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Both are excellent depending on nursery and care they have been given.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Both

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either ok.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted. Establish better.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root in spring; potted plants in summer or fall.

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root better.

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either one

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either one

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root, but blooming potted plants prevent mix-up.

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Both. Bare root preferred.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted plants.

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root preferred.

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either. I like to think bare root.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Either are ok. I prefer to plant bare-root so that the plant is established by summer.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare roots

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Potted

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

I do some of both and have about equal results if I have good potted plants.

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Bare Root vs. Potted Plants

Bare root.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Blackspot

Spray weekly - alternating triforene/daconil with triforene/manzate.

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Blackspot

Weeking spray of Manzate/Triforine will keep under control.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Blackspot

Keep up entire spray program and never let blackspot take over, and always keep watered.

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Blackspot and Mildew

Have found Sentinel very effective for blackspot and good on mildew sprayed every 3 weeks. Realize not approved by ARS.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Blackspot and Mildew.

Have found Sentinel very effective for blackspot and good on mildew spraying every 3 weeks. Realize not approved by ARS.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Bloom Protection for Exhibition

Not enough time. Have to wait until I retire. Bottles, bonnets, fiberglass piece on clamp have all worked very well when I have had time to do them.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Common Problems Encountered

Spider mites - spray with Avid.

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Deer

Managed to keep deer out with extensive fencing. Am working with community for more deer control

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Deer

Managed to keep deer out with extensive fencing. Am working with community for more deer control

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Fertilization Program

Granular rose food - 1/2 cup after spring pruning. Osmocote 1/2 to 3/4 cup per bush (1 tbl/minis). Mills Magic - 4 cups/plant.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Fertilization Program

Granular rose food - 1/2 cup after spring pruning. Osmocote 1/2 to 3/4 cup per bush (1 tbl. Minis). Mills Magic - 4 cups/plant.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Fertilization Program

March-June-Aug - supplement of liquid fertilizer and alfalfa. Have used slow release (granular - Rose Magic), Epsom Salts, Iron.

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Fertilization Program

Osmocote, 10-10-10.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Fertilization Program

Granular and soluble.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Fertilization Program

Spring - 7-month for mulch feed. 6 weeks-2 months - fortified (with 20-20-20) alfalfa tea.

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Fertilization Program

I use a time release and teas and 10-10-10

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Fertilization Program

Osmocote 18-6-12 gives up nutrients for nine months supplemtn with Mills Magic Mix.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Fertilization Program

Use slow release fertilizer. Supplement with organics, superphosphate and epsom salt. Use Miracle-Gro several weeks before rose shows.

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic or alfalfa tea and epsom salts to begin and feed monthly dependent on soil analysis.

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Fertilization Program

I sue 16-4-8 along with Mills Magic, Alfalfa meal. Also do fragrant tea and fish emulsion.

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Fertilization Program

All organic as needed

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Fertilization Program

All organic once a year

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Fertilization Program

Use Ortho Systemic; 8-12-4 when leaves appear; thereafter each 4-6 weeks 10-10-10.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Fertilization Program

Organics supplemented by a little granular feed.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Suzy

Fertilization Program

Organics - mushroom compost - Mills Magic Mix.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Fertilization Program

Mixture of fish meal, alfalfa, cotton seed meal, epsom salts and uramite early spring and mid-August. Light boost (16-8-8) at pruning; light 10-10-10 in August.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Fertilization Program

Shot of nitrogen 1st of March, then handful of 10-10-10 (or other as indicated by soil test) monthly through August.

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic. Rainbow 10-10-10

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic. Rainbow 10-10-10

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic Mix with newly-potted new plants. Use triple 79 in spring and at six week intervals in growing season through August.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Fertilization Program

Monthly with 10-10-10. Mills Magic in spring.

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic - monthly.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Fertilization Program

Mills Magic - soluable fertilizer - alfalfa tea - 10-10-10.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Fertilization Program

Advise using manure, alfalfa pellets, compost with weekly spraying of water soluable bloom food - 10-50-10.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Fertilization Program

Rainbow

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Fertilization Program

Organic mix - 2 times. 16-4-8 Miracle-Gro, timed release in spring.

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Fertilization Program

Organic every 3 months, plus minerals and iron.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Fertilization Program

Soon after pruning (March), put down lots of organic and well-balanced fertilizer. Go to mostly liquid in the summer.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Fertilization Program

Organics - spring, mid-summer, early fall; liquid (K-Grow, Peters 20-20-20, or Miracle-Gro every 2 weeks.

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Fertilization Program

10-10-10, 16-4-8, alfalfa meal, cow manure, fish emulsion, Miracle-Gro, Mills Magic Mix, lots of organics.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Fertilization Program

10-10-10, 16-4-8, alfalfa meal, cow manure, fish emulsion, Miracle-Gro, Mills Magic Mix, lots of organics.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Fertilization Program

Miracle-Gro - 1 T/gal. H20 every two weeks.

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Fertilization Program

Osmocote annually with liquid cycle weekly.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Fertilization Program

Havy application of organics in early spring, repeat in late summer, monthly 1/2 amt. granular, liquid fertilizer in mid-month.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Fertilization Program

Early spring - heavy application organics, repeated early fall. Monthly application of 1/2 amt. Granular - alternated 20-20-20 water soluable every two weeks.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Fertilization Program

Lime and 10-10-10 in spring; fish emulsion, Miracle-Gro and kelated lime once/month; organics - "camden compost"

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Fertilization Program

Lime and 10-10-10 in spring; fish emulsion, Miracle-Gro and kelated iron, once/month; organics - "camden compost"

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Fertilization Program

Organics, 10-10-10, liquid (Peters or Miracle-Gro)

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Fertilization Program

Miracle Gro, Ecojoy, fish emulsion, sequestrene mag sulphate.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Fertilization Program

Fish meal, alfalfa pellets, epsom salts, iron, used rose food (natural).

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Fertilization Program

16-4-8 with minor elements. Triple super phosphate in beds.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Fertilization Program

16-4-8- with minor elements. Triple super phosphate incorporated in beds.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Fertilization Program

Soil testing governs fertilizer program. Basic program uses Osmocote, supplemented in spring and fall with 20-20-20 soluble. Also use organics.

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Fertilization Program

Varied - fish meal, cottonseed meal, alfalfa in early spring. Later added lime, 10-10-10, epsom salts, liquid 20-20-20, fish emulsion, iron.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Fertilization Program

Peters 20-20-20, fish meal, milorganic

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Fertilization Program

Small doses monthly alternating organics and special rose formula.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Fertilization Program

In spring 1 cup basic granular. 1/2 cup first of each month. More liquid in middle of month. Mix cow manure and few other organics with blood meal in ground.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Fertilization Program

I use a program which consists of both organic and chemical fertilizers, both liquid and granular.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Fertilization Program

Alternate: bimonthly feeding of 10-10-10 with liquid fertilizer; heavy supply of organic in early spring.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Fertilization Program

Chicken compost in Spring; MiracleGro later in year (18-6-12)

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Fertilization Program

Organics, Blood Meal, Bone Meal, Fish Meal, Peters 20-20-20; granulated fertilizer is 10-10-10.

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Fertilization Program

Organics - Blood Meal, Bone Meal, Fish Meal, Peters 20-20-20; granulated fertilizer - 10-10-10

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Fertilization Program

I used lime in fall. Pruning time - 2 cups organic mix similar to Mills Magic, 1/2 cup 10-10-10 with minors once a month to each plant beginning April 1 and ending Sept. Used Peters 20-20-20 liquid fertilizer a few times.

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Fertilization Program

Lime in November and organics in February.

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Fertilization Program

Use lime in November. 10-10-10 in spring; Osmocote 8-6 after pruning.

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Fertilization Program

Organics, Eco-Joy, Osmocote, 10-10-10.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

High pH

Added sulfur

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Japanese Beetles

Best to pick beetles off twice a day. I'm going to try beneficial nematode next spring.

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Japanese Beetles

Milky spore applied to soil.

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Japanese Beetles

Worst problem. Spread Milky Spore in '96. Hoping it will eventually work.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Japanese Beetles

Have tried neem extract without much success - Sevin helps - picking them each day best!

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Low pH

Acid soil: use soil test to apply correct amount of calcium.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Midge

Start early. Put down diazinon after pruning even on ground within 2 ft. of every bed.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Mildew

Preventive spraying is best. Nothing is bullet proof as a cure.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Mulching

Pine needles and pine bark mulch.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Mulching

Pine needles and pine bark mulch.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Mulching

Pine straw and pine bark. Removed and replaced annually.

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Mulching

Pine straw.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Mulching

Pine bark.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Mulching

Pine straw once/twice a year.

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Mulching

This I do heavily.

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Mulching

I prefer pine bark. I use pine straw on top of the bark for eye appeal.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Mulching

Pine bark

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Mulching

Pine bark mulch work great

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Mulching

Newspapers and pine straw

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Mulching

Light layer seasoned hardwood

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Mulching

Seasoned hardwood chips

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Mulching

Ground leaf partially composted 6" deep in rose beds; pine straw around bushes for summer.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Mulching

Hardwood chips.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Mulching

Partially ground leaves make an excellent mulch and increase the fertility and organic content of soil.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Mulching

Pine straw - heavy. Do not replace, but add more each year.

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Mulching

Pine Park

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Mulching

Pine bark

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Mulching

Use pine needles. Add lime each fall to counteract acidity build-up by needle decay.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Mulching

Pine bark mulch

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Mulching

Leave in place for year - add as needed.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Mulching

Mini pine bark, pine needles, mulched ground leaves.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Mulching

Advise using manure and soil conditioner only.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Mulching

Rye straw in front yard and pine bark in back yard.

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Mulching

Ground hardwood

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Mulching

Pine needles.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Mulching

Pine straw as it is eaiser to pull back to fertilize.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Mulching

Pine nuggets (mini), pine straw.

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Mulching

Pine straw and pine bark mulch.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Mulching

Pine straw and pine mulch.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Mulching

Pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Mulching

Pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Mulching

Heavy pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Mulching

Pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Mulching

Pine needles and pine chips

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Mulching

Pine needles and pine chips

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Mulching

Pine straw

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Mulching

Pine bark over landscaping fabric.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Mulching

Fine hardwood mulch.

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Mulching

Pine straw.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Mulching

Pine straw.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Mulching

Pine straw

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Mulching

Primarily shreded pine bark

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Mulching

Shredded leaves only.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Mulching

Leaves and pine needles

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Mulching

Wood chips, pine needles.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Mulching

Ground pine, oak bark, pine straw and leaves.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Mulching

Clean up time at pruning, mulch heavily with chopped oak leaves and pine straw.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Mulching

Mulch after ground warms up in early summer

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Mulching

Straw

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Mulching

Composted ground up leaves.

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Mulching

Composted ground up leaves.

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Mulching

Mostly pine straw.

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Mulching

Pine needles

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Mulching

Pine straw

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Mulching

Pine straw and pine bark.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Pesticides

No pesticides unless absolutely needed!

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Pine voles

I have started planting in wire mesh cages.

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Spider Mites

Water wand.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Suzy

Spider Mites

Frequent use of water wand.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Spider Mites

Weekly washing of plants/bimonthly spraying of Avid.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Sprayers

Spot Shot

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Sprayers

Spot Shot.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Sprayers

Atomizer. Have order a Peco. Have used Hudson manual.

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Sprayers

Hot Spot. Back pack.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Sprayers

Weekly - Spot-Shot/Atomist.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Sprayers

Atomist 1026B

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Sprayers

Spray Mate

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Sprayers

I like the Atomist. I also use the Spot-Shot sprayer.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Sprayers

Garden Way Electric Sprayer

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Sprayers

Hudson or equivalent

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Sprayers

RGL Spot Shot

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Sprayers

Gas powered 20 gallon.

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Sprayers

W.W. Grainger gas powered 30 gal. Capacity

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Sprayers

Pump and battery operated (12 gallon) (2 1/2 gallon pump).

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Sprayers

Gasoline powered (piston pump).

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Sprayers

Hose end lawn nozzle for vydate. Back pack gas engine powered for normal use.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Sprayers

Peco - battery operated.

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Sprayers

Spot Shot and Mantis

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Sprayers

Sport Shot and Mantis

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Sprayers

Plan to purchase Spray Mate. Have Atomist now.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Sprayers

25 gallon gasoline powered pull behind lawn tractor.

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Sprayers

Mantis

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Sprayers

Hose-end spraying are all my clients will use.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Sprayers

Spot Shot

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Sprayers

Mighty Mac and Mantis

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Sprayers

Solo "back pack".

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Sprayers

Mantis because it cut times, no pumping, long hose and fine mist.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Sprayers

Spot Shot

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Sprayers

Atomist and Mantis.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Sprayers

Atomist and Mantis.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Sprayers

Hot Shot and Atomist.

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Sprayers

Atomist.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Sprayers

Atomist and Mantis.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Sprayers

Mantis and Atomist.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Sprayers

Sure Shot and Atomist

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Sprayers

Sure Shote and Atomist

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Sprayers

Pump

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Sprayers

Honda motor, power sprayer, 50 gallon tank.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Sprayers

Spot Shot spray system. Hand pump (Hudson).

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Sprayers

Solo back pack.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Sprayers

Solo back sprayer.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Sprayers

Hot Shot and Atomist

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Sprayers

Atomist

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Sprayers

Spot Shot

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Sprayers

Spot Shot

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Sprayers

Atomist.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Sprayers

Spot Shot.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Sprayers

Atomist is my sprayer of choice. I like the fine spray mist.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Sprayers

Use only Atomist sprayer

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Sprayers

Spray Boss. Have two 14 gallon sprayers and really like them.

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Sprayers

Spray Doc; Spot Shot

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Sprayers

Spray Doc; Spot Shot

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Sprayers

Spot Shot

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Sprayers

Atomist

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Sprayers

Atomist

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Sprayers

Mantis

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Have done both with good results, but mostly in spring.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Have done both with good results, but mostly in spring.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring preferred (early March).

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring only

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer spring planting.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer fall planting, but bushes are more difficult to obtain in fall. Fall planting gives root system a better chance to get established before summer heat.

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Spring vs. Fall Planting

In the mountains where temperature drops to -15 degrees, spring planting only!

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer spring

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring. Avoid spring thaw-freeze.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring planting.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring for new bushes. Relocate plants when dormant.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Fall when plants are available

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Fall when plants are available

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prepare soil in fall, plant in spring.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Both - Fall is better if plants are mulched to the top, watered all winter.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring, but sometimes in fall

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer spring, but have done fall.

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Jan. or Feb. or later - usually not after May 1.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring. Roots have time to develop and plants harden off before cold.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring, bare root bushes.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring, bare root bushes.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring planting.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer spring planting

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Both. Fall preferred.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Early spring.

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Both.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Both.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Either

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring only

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring. Wind prune in fall.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Spring vs. Fall Planting

I like early spring. Get ground ready in fall.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Because of the intense summer heat, I prefer fall planting.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Potted own-root roses (either) anytime soil can be worked.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring planting

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Prefer spring.

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Spring vs. Fall Planting

Spring.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Toxic Soil

Organics, organics, organics

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Tree roots

I use a spade to cut around beds twice per season.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Voles

Wire cages (underground).

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Water Drainage

Cure with raised beds

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Watering/Watering Systems

Dial-a-Stake System.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Watering/Watering Systems

Dial-a-Stake System.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Watering/Watering Systems

Have used Leaky Hose - drip - seeping white strips from Dupont.

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Watering/Watering Systems

Leaky hose.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Watering/Watering Systems

Drip irrigation, soaker, gram nozzle.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Watering/Watering Systems

Dripworks

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Watering/Watering Systems

Sprinkler system.

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Watering/Watering Systems

I highly recommend the drip works system.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Watering/Watering Systems

Shur-flo nozzles on hoses laid in beds. Soaker hoses.

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Watering/Watering Systems

Black soaker hoses work well and are very inexpensive.

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Watering/Watering Systems

Hose and sprinklers

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Watering/Watering Systems

All leaky pipe

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Watering/Watering Systems

Underground

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Watering/Watering Systems

Rain drip system - also used to apply fertilizer (tablets).

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Watering/Watering Systems

PVC pipe - jets 180 degree. We water every other day.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Suzy

Watering/Watering Systems

180 degree emitters in well pipe at each bush.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Watering/Watering Systems

I prefer an overhead system in general, but use hose, wand and water breaker - new platns and show time.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Watering/Watering Systems

Overhead sprinklers.

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Watering/Watering Systems

Maxi-jets

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Watering/Watering Systems

Maxi-jets

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Watering/Watering Systems

Use dramm-type nozzles on PVC pipe and some hand watering.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Watering/Watering Systems

Hand watering

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Watering/Watering Systems

Dew hose.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Watering/Watering Systems

Currently have soaker hoses in all beds.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Watering/Watering Systems

Automatic systems

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Watering/Watering Systems

Drip

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramm nozzle, pvc pipe system

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Watering/Watering Systems

Rainbird drip system - time control.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramm nozzle. Sprays under side of bush, easy to install.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Watering/Watering Systems

Drip irrigation

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramn nozzles and 3/4 pvc pipe.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramn nozzles and 3/4 pvc pipe.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Watering/Watering Systems

Tubes.

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Watering/Watering Systems

Drip system.

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Watering/Watering Systems

Automatic watering system through PVC pipe and dramm nozzles.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Watering/Watering Systems

Automatic with PVC pipes and dramm nozzles.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Watering/Watering Systems

Dram nozzle irrigation

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Watering/Watering Systems

Dram nozzle irrigation

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Watering/Watering Systems

Daily - using a system with times

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramm nozzles.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Watering/Watering Systems

Automatic in ground - drip system.

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Watering/Watering Systems

Irrigation with low spram nozzles.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Watering/Watering Systems

Irrigation with low spram nozzles.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Watering/Watering Systems

By hand

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Watering/Watering Systems

Soaker hose

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Watering/Watering Systems

By hand and soaker hose.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Watering/Watering Systems

Spray irrigation

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Watering/Watering Systems

Partical system in place.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Watering/Watering Systems

Used to have watering systems, but I like to hand water because I can adjust to each plant.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Watering/Watering Systems

To date, I've had no irrigation system. This spring I will have an irrigation system.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Watering/Watering Systems

Hand water at least 1 inch per week during growing season.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Watering/Watering Systems

Have a watering kit installed in rose garden

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramm nozzle

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Watering/Watering Systems

Dramm nozzle

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Watering/Watering Systems

Dram nozzle system

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Watering/Watering Systems

By hand

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Watering/Watering Systems

Hand held hose

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Watering/Watering Systems

Leaky hoses (Shure-Flo). I don't like and will replace.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Winter Protection

Bud union covering about 6" on tender varieties.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

Ruth

Winter Protection

Bud union covering about 6" on tender varieties.

NC

Charlotte

Bendel

William Jr.

Winter Protection

Mulch around base of certain varieties.

NC

Charlotte

Bolt

Dr. Carolyn

Winter Protection

None.

NC

Charlotte

Dunn

Dr. John

Winter Protection

None.

NC

Charlotte

Flint

Bob

Winter Protection

None

NC

Charlotte

L'Hommedieu

Douglas C.

Winter Protection

Mulch the tender plants heavily.

NC

Charlotte

Stewart

Betty C.

Winter Protection

Ground pine bark to cover the crown and 3 or 4 inches of basal canes.

NC

Charlotte

Whitt

Douglas L.

Winter Protection

Mulch piled around bushes.

NC

Durham

Bogenschneider

Duane

Winter Protection

On moder roses, cut canes back to 4' due to ice in our mountains. Provide winter "clean up spray." Pine bark mulch minimum at 12 inches.

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken

Winter Protection

Heavy pine straw mulch

NC

Fayetteville

McLaurin

Edna L.

Winter Protection

Only some varities, e.g., Color Magic, St. Patrick

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Cindy

Winter Protection

None

NC

Greensboro

Spicer

Al

Winter Protection

Light mulch - light trim.

NC

Hickory

Barker

James C.

Winter Protection

Mulch with bark mulch on tender varieties.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Suzy

Winter Protection

Mulch only tender varieties heavily.

NC

Lawndale

Bridges

Dennis

Winter Protection

Leaf mulch - 3-4" above bud union.

NC

Lexington

Craver

T. Douglas

Winter Protection

None

NC

Raleigh

Bumgardner

Harvey

Winter Protection

Soil around bud union and pine bark

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Baxter M.

Winter Protection

Soil around bud union and pine bark

NC

Rockwell

Morgan

Doris

Winter Protection

Not usually. Have used sand mounds at base of sensitive cultivars.

NC

Salisbury

Lowery

John O.

Winter Protection

None

NC

Stanfield

Smith

Phyllis R.

Winter Protection

Nothing special except remove all leaves and cut waist high.

NC

Winston-Salem

Davis

William F.

Winter Protection

Extra mulch on bud union. Best protection is health plants I water bushes well going into winter.

NC

Winston-Salem

Dean

Miriam G.

Winter Protection

Wilt-pruf and mulching.

NC

Winston-Salem

Harper

Nancy

Winter Protection

Cover bud union on tender varieties

SC

Aiken

Partain

Pauline

Winter Protection

Not needed

SC

Bluffton

Lundberg

Sandra J.

Winter Protection

None in Charleston.

SC

Charleston

Derrick

Dr. Fletcher

Winter Protection

Pine straw. In our climate it is enough - water before and after freezes.

SC

Charleston

Edmondson

Cheryl B.

Winter Protection

Pine straw

SC

Charleston

Grayson

Robert L.

Winter Protection

Pine straw and pine bark mulch.

SC

Columbia

Baker

Ann

Winter Protection

Pine straw and pine bark mulch.

SC

Columbia

Baker

C. Douglas

Winter Protection

None

SC

Columbia

Bodie

Dr. Uriah Hoyt

Winter Protection

Pine straw in temperatures warrant it

SC

Columbia

Durham

David L.

Winter Protection

Very little. Tender plants mounded 6-10 inches with pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Thomas W.

Winter Protection

Tender plants mounded with heavy layer of pine straw.

SC

Columbia

Estridge

Ilse

Winter Protection

Soil mound around bushes with Fortuniana rootstock.

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Dr. Roderick

Winter Protection

Soil mound around bushes with Fortuniana rootstock

SC

Columbia

Humphreys

Nancy

Winter Protection

Only on a few suceptible ones (e.g., Color Magic)

SC

Columbia

Pfeiffer

Janice

Winter Protection

None.

SC

Columbia

Prabhu

Dr. Satish

Winter Protection

Bark mulch.

SC

Easley

Amundson

E.K.

Winter Protection

None.

SC

Florence

Batts

Roberta T.

Winter Protection

None.

SC

Florence

Batts

William C. Jr.

Winter Protection

Pine straw

SC

Folly Beach

Heinsohn

Peggy

Winter Protection

Mulch 6-8" over bud-union.

SC

Greenville

Bell

Charles W.

Winter Protection

Additional shredded leaves.

SC

Greenville

Jordan

Betty Sue

Winter Protection

Leaves

SC

Greenville

Noe

Margaret

Winter Protection

None.

SC

Greer

Burch

Leland

Winter Protection

I mix dirt and old muclh.

SC

Greer

Gaston

Kate

Winter Protection

Rarely needed here. I will sometimes mound pine straw around bushes prior to a cold snap.

SC

Johns Island

Johnson

Murrie Alice

Winter Protection

Thick layer of soil or compost mulch after first heavy frost.

SC

Laurens

Patterson

William M.

Winter Protection

Straw

SC

Lexington

Amick

Gerri

Winter Protection

Hammered up composted pine bark

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Mack

Winter Protection

Hammered up composted pine bark.

SC

Piedmont

Smith

Donna G.

Winter Protection

Do very little. Pull straw up around plants I know to be sensitive.

SC

Saluda

Able

Allene

Winter Protection

None

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Wilbur

Winter Protection

Mulch with pine needles

SC

Saluda

Hruby

Hazel

Winter Protection

None.

SC

Summerville

Ballentine

Frances G.

Wrong Planting Indexes

In our mountains use planting schedule and zone hardiness for Tennessee rather than NC.

NC

Fairview

Roberson

Ken